Wildopeneye is focusing on marine issues today. Celebrations and heartfelt thanks are in order as President Obama reinforces his already impressive environmental legacy by protecting Arctic and Atlantic waters from drilling. This will hopefully help protect these important habitats from oil spills while also obviating any need for the deafening seismic blasting associated with the search for new oil there. It will also reduce the release of fossil carbon into our atmosphere.
Furthermore we have just learned that the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has just launched a knowledge hub in the build up to implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14 on Oceans. SDG 14.
UNDP Launches Ocean Action Hub to Generate Momentum to Implement SDG 14 on Oceans
Dec 20, 2016
New York – Today, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) launched a knowledge hub to generate momentum in anticipation of the United Nations Conference to Support Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14 (the Ocean Conference) to be held 5 to 9 June 2017, and its 15-16 February Preparatory Meeting, both at UN HQ in New York, US.
The Ocean Action Hub will facilitate multi-stakeholder engagement in the Ocean Conference by bringing together governments, the UN system, intergovernmental organizations, international financial institutions, NGOs, civil society organizations, academic institutions, the scientific community, private sector, philanthropic organizations and other ocean actors to assess challenges and opportunities related to achieving SDG 14. The Hub will host active dialogues on ocean issues, facilitate co-development and sharing of solutions and voluntary commitments by multi-stakeholders, and provide a space for connecting and sharing ideas and experience.
The ocean covers nearly three quarters of the Earth’s surface and contributes substantially to human development, including to the provision of food security, transport, energy supply, tourism and many of the planet’s most critical ecosystem services (carbon and nutrient cycling, climate regulation, oxygen production). The market value of marine and coastal resources and industries is approximately $3 trillion per year or 5 percent of global GDP.
Yet, today it is estimated that 40 percent of our oceans are heavily affected by unsustainable practices, including over-fishing, land-based sources of pollution, habitat destruction, invasive species and climate change, particularly ocean acidification.
Oceans play a key role in the achievement of the 2030 Agenda. Consequently, the Conference – Our Oceans, Our Future: Partnering for the Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14 – arises at a timely point. The Conference aims to catalyze and scale up implementation of SDG 14 on conservation and sustainable use of oceans, seas and marine resources and will include plenary meetings, partnership dialogues, and an intergovernmentally agreed ‘Call for Action’ on SDG 14. A special event will be convened celebrating World Oceans Day on 8 June 2017. Registration for multi-stakeholders is open until 22 January 2017.
The Conference will be co-hosted by the Governments of Sweden and Fiji. Mr. Wu Hongbo, UN Department for Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) Under-Secretary-General, is the designated Secretary-General of the Conference and UN DESA serves as the Secretariat for the conference. H.E. Mr. Peter Thomson, President of the 71st Session of the General Assembly, will preside.
Andrew Hudson, Head, Water and Ocean Governance Programme, UNDP Bureau for Policy and Programme Support SD Cluster, firstname.lastname@example.org
Renata Rubian, Policy Specialist on Sustainable Development, UNDP Bureau for Policy and Programme Support SD Cluster, email@example.com
The SDG14 is explained below ( Source ):
“14.1By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
14.2By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
14.3Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
14.4By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
14.5By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information14.6By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation14.7By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism14.aIncrease scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries14.bProvide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
14.cEnhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want”