Hellish visions of burning tropical forest and the underlying peat that helps retain essential moisture to support crucial wildlife habitat are back in the news and man-made fires are to blame yet again. This year’s fires in Borneo and Sumatra are exacerbated by El Nino drought conditions and Erik Meijaard says not enough is being done to address what he calls the biggest environmental crime in the C21st, please see Erik Meijaard: Indonesia’s Fire Crisis — The Biggest Environmental Crime of the 21st Century.
Alongside damage to wildlife and human health Meijaard tells of economic damage mounting t0 $35 billion by govt. estimates and further possible opportunity costs of another $40 billion, if Indonesia’s long-suffering neighbors, Singapore and Malaysia become punitive. Meijaard calls for the following remedial action:
The immediate solutions are obvious: a complete and enforced fire ban, especially on peat; a major scale-up of firefighting efforts, using all available means, national and international; and a prohibition on further peat development and funding for peat restoration. There is an immediate need to start divesting from all agricultural production on peat, or only allowing production that can ensure near-surface water tables. For the areas of drained, degraded peatland not under agriculture there need to be massive programs to block and fill all canals, followed by reforestation to get something like a humid microclimate at the peat surface.
For more see:
These fires are disastrous locally and globally.
Locally, they represent:
- destruction of wildlife and crucial habitat including many endangered and endemic animal and plant species.
- destruction of precious watersheds
- destruction of human health
- massive economic loss
Globally, they represent danger from:
- massive emission of Carbon Dioxide with consequent exacerbation of climate change
- inhalation of ash particles in neighbouring states and photo-chemical smog
- increased ground level ozone
- the aerosol ash particles at high altitude that are believed to be hastening glacier melt in the Himalayan region.